Trybophobia (Hole Phobia)  Is it a disease or a temporary fear?

:Introduction

 

Trypophobia

Fear is one of the basic feelings

in which a person lives, and there is no individual who does not fear anything at all, but the matter is different from one individual to another. And spread a lot of delusional fears among many people, whose symptoms may have affected their behavior and their lives, and it may arouse the ridicule of those around them. There are many types of phobia, the most famous of which are dark phobia, insect phobia, altitude phobia and closed space phobia. Some people suffer from a type of phobia called holes phobia, or phobia of holes, or trypophobia. 


This pathological fear, which is called phobia, is widely spread, and there are many types. 

Although many of those affected are convinced of the illogical nature of this fear, they cannot get rid of it.

Trypophobia has been diagnosed as the fear of gaps, and also associated with the fear arising from round shapes such as bubbles, and now we wonder why holes are made a disgusting shape? The answer may be hidden under the skin.

The origin and reason for this name for holes phobia (trypophobia):

Hole phobia (Trypophobia) is a disease in which the patient suffers from a feeling of discomfort or fear when seeing a group of small holes or points that are joined in a certain pattern, and the more holes are collected, the greater the fear of the sufferer. Feeling of fear or disgust over holes (holes) was named after the term hole phobia for the first time on the internet in 2005. Trypophobia was named after 2004 and became the most used word after it in 2009, and an Irish woman was the reason for its coining on an online forum. The word trypophobia consists of combining two Greek words meaning fear of holes, and one study showed that about 15% suffer from this pathological dementia.

Are trypophobia a real phobia?

Evidence and theories about trypophobia:

Phobia is a psychological disorder in which the sufferer suffers from an abnormal reaction and constant fear of something, event or situation. Some call it a phobia or fear, and this is a misnomer because it is not a disease and it does not belong to any other type of phobia, but it is only a disgusting thing that causes tension, disgust and disgust upon seeing it and not fear at all, and this type of tension that makes the body feel chills and itchy Sometimes, like a person who sees lice in the head of a person next to him, he feels disgusted and itchy, as if lice have filled his head, and although some classify it as a disease, but this completely contradicts the feeling of phobia and differs from the types of phobia as a whole, such as: animal phobia, phobia of altitudes.

But hole phobia can be classified as a type of phobia if it coincides with the broad definition of phobia that the symptoms are permanent and severe in a way that affects life and its nature.

Evidence and theories about trypophobia:

Evidence and theories about trypophobia:

There are many theories that try to discuss the causes of piercing phobia, and among these theories is the connection of this fear in the subconscious with fear of predators, whose appearance is similar to patterns filled with holes. And the subconscious in this case connects the beehive, which is filled with multiple holes, for example, with the snake, and it has a pattern similar to this image, and this leads to the sufferer feeling fear when looking at it. Another theory is the feeling of anxiety and tension experienced by a person with trypophobia, due to its association with fear of fungi or other germs, which are the cause of infectious diseases, which lead to the appearance of skin signs that are similar to holes, such as smallpox and measles.
There is also evidence suggesting that the fear of bubbles is caused by the clusters of circular objects on the bodies of poisonous creatures, such as snakes and encircled blue octopuses. 

Theory of kent University.

It is a new theory from psychologists at the University of Kent suggests that our innate fear of circular shapes may be related to human histories.

Theory of Tom Cooper and it’s results.

Tom Cooper, a doctor of psychology at the university, added that most infectious diseases are caused by clusters of circular objects on the skin, such as smallpox, measles, rubella, typhus, scarlet fever, etc. Likewise, many external parasites such as: scabies, ticks, and botfly, also lead to groups of round shapes on the skin. Another saying, if your skin begins to swell or starts to show some bubbles, this is not a good sign. Dr. Cooper has recruited 300 people with trypophobia from different groups, in addition to 300 university students without this condition.
Dr. Cooper gave both groups 16 pictures of those clusters on infected real bodies, 8 of the pictures focused on the disease, where some of them showed those disgusting scenes such as clusters of ticks and circular shapes such as a rash on the chest of some individuals, the rest of the eight pictures had nothing to do with any disease but were pictures For gaps carved into a brick wall, or lotus seeds. Both groups found the images related to the disease disturbing, but only individuals with trypophobia found the images unrelated to the disease, such as pictures of lotus seeds, very disturbing. These findings suggest that individuals with trypophobia have a heightened fear response and turn away from bubbles, or circular shapes and gaps, even in images that are not indicative of satisfactory landscapes.
But unlike people with other phobias or phobias, trypophobia generates an intense and intense feeling of disgust that transcends the stage of fear. Cooper and his team asked volunteers with trypophobia to describe how they felt when seeing these images of clusters.Analysis of these responses showed that the majority of individuals with trypophobia experienced multiple feelings of disgust such as nausea and vomiting, even when seeing images unrelated to those clusters related to the disease such as a sponge or Bubbles. And only a small percentage of individuals described feeling simply as fear or feelings of dread.
Individuals with trypophobia often describe the feeling of itchy skin, or the feeling of the presence of bugs infecting the body. These responses from the skin indicate that the individual with trypophobia may receive clusters stimuli as they cause external parasites, and may lead them to believe that they are infected. These findings support a suggestion that individuals with trypophobia (phobia of holes) treat clusters as evidence of their responsibility for ectoparasitic infestation and diseases transmitted through the skin, Cooper said.

Symptoms of trypophobia:

Researchers confirm that fear is the most prominent symptom of trypophobia, and that this phobia is a visual phobia, as mere pictures make the patient feel a sense of disgust and anxiety. The symptoms of hole phobia are similar to the symptoms of a panic attack, including: 

The patient suffers from:

  • Fear
  • Anxiety and chills
  • Sometimes feels disgust or disgust
  • Also feels itchy in his body
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • A rapid heartbeat. 
  • He suffers a tremor or shaking in his body 

Trybophobia (Hole Phobia)  Is it a disease or a temporary fear?

10- some cases it may lead to panic attacks, and in addition to these symptoms he has an uncomfortable feeling, for example he feels that there is something crawling on his skin, this feeling is accompanied by anxiety.
And this feeling comes to him when he looks at pictures such as strawberries, caterpillars, pancakes or soap bubbles, which are normal for everyone, and this condition is called visual discomfort.

Excitement factors that exacerbate trypophobia:

Some researchers believe that there is a relationship between this disorder and social anxiety, depending on some studies and research that they have carried out, as the severity of depression and general anxiety disorder increases for those who suffer from trypophobia. There are many things that may cause the symptoms of this phobia, including some types of fruits such as strawberry, pomegranate, melon, and fruit seeds. Hives, lotus seed pods, coral, condensation of water, sponges, and soap bubbles can also lead to these symptoms.
And also animals with skin or spotted fur, whether they are insects, mammals or amphibians, as well as eye clusters in some insects, and pimples that are found on the skin due to a skin disease. 

Trypophobia is more common in women than in men. 

Some people with hole phobia suffer from other psychological disorders such as: 

Major depressive disorder. 
Generalized anxiety disorder. 
Social anxiety disorder.

Trypophobia treatment:

So far, there is no clear cure for hole phobia due to the controversy surrounding it and not being officially listed under the name phobia, but in general the phobia of holes is treated and its symptoms controlled by following the same methods and treatments used to treat phobias, and among these treatment methods:

Exposure therapy

In diagnosing pleophobia, doctors rely on inquiring from the patient about the symptoms he is suffering from, and reviewing his medical history, which includes the psychological and social condition. The treatment of this phobia depends on these methods that are used in the treatment of phobias or phobias in general, because there is no specific treatment available for it, but despite this, these methods have proven effective with many who suffer from this phobia.
Exposure therapy is considered one of the most effective types of treatment that achieve the rate of recovery, and the reason for this is that it focuses on the idea of ​​changing the reaction to the things that cause the patient to fear. The treatment begins with exposure to these causes gradually, and at doses that suit the nature of each case, the severity of the symptoms that he suffers, with the passage of time the symptoms improve, as the patient initially imagines what he fears, then after that looking at it, and finally begins approaching him and actually touching him.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is useful in some cases, where the patient talks to the psychiatrist about his thoughts, and the extent to which they affect his behavior, life and feelings. This form of treatment can be used by a group of people who also suffer from phobia of holes. In some cases, the doctor uses relaxation methods, which are considered effective in relieving the feelings of disgust, fear and anxiety associated with trypophobia. These methods include deep breathing and gradual muscle relaxation, visualization, and the patient can practice visualization, where he imagines that there is a field of flowers in place of holes or pits.

Use of some antidepressants such as sertraline

Its use in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in reducing negative thoughts that may be the cause of this condition. But it has not proven effective in treating phobia of holes so far. 

Avoid caffeine and all stressors
Use of relaxation methods Examples include:

Yoga
Deep breathing
Meditation, and mental aids that help reduce stress. 

Adopting a healthy lifestyle 

As eat healthy food, get adequate sleep, and exercise regularly.

Debates about trypophobia:

Tribophobia has caused a lot of controversy, and these are some of them: 

The American Psychological Association

The American Psychological Association does not recognize this condition as a form of phobia, and indicates that it is just a state of disgust, because there are many who suffer from this phobia, and they even announced the establishment of an association named after this. Disturbance on social media. The refusal to acknowledge this phobia comes to the fact that phobia is a form of mental illness, which is defined as a persistent fear of certain activities or situations, or even just thinking about them.
This fear results in the sufferer in a state of distress, although he realizes that this fear is illogical, but he cannot get rid of it, and this indicates his need for psychological treatment at the hands of a specialist.

Another study

A study tried before to discover the causes of this phobia, where a number of volunteers were formed to research, half of them suffered from this disorder, and a group of different pictures were shown to the volunteers during the tests. The pictures included people with skin diseases, beehives, and some types of fruits such as pomegranates and strawberries. The study authors noted that those with piercing phobia were more affected by these images. The study showed, by directing an interrogation to the volunteers, that those who suffer from this phobia are always worried about infectious diseases, and they recall the effects that these diseases left when they saw these holes.

Recent research

Recent research indicates that the fear experienced by a punctophobia is an instinctive fear. This fear arises from his fear of getting hurt from dangerous things that have turned into harmless things, and through research he found that the images that stimulate this state share a typical spectral configuration. And some research links between phobia of holes and the visual features of holes, instead of linking fears to animals in their outward appearance, as well as diseases that lead to similar symptoms with circles and holes.

Important advice for a trypophobia patient:

The doctor can prescribe for some cases that suffer from severe symptoms of this disease, antidepressants and some sedatives, which have an effective role in treating anxiety and depression, and may succeed in treating trypophobia. The patient is asked to practice mental strategies, which may be helpful in reducing his anxiety, and to practice meditation and relaxation exercises. And he must follow a healthy lifestyle, which is based on exercising, sleeping for an appropriate number of hours, eating healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, avoiding fast food and caffeine, as well as everything that causes him stress. 
Trybophobia (Hole Phobia)  Is it a disease or a temporary fear?

And every person must feel these disturbances and disturb his life and imagine fantasies that do not really exist, to change his view of them completely and look at them in a different perspective, for example, his fear of the date palm cell, he can think about it in the opposite way, which is that it can be used in the manufacture of wax that has smells Beautiful. Thus, he can completely change his idea of ​​it. When he sees it again, he will find that he did not feel disgust and disgust like the first thing, thus preventing himself from entering into these disturbances, and he will see life in a more beautiful perspective that helps him to be happy and live a good life.

:Conclusion
Trypophobia is the fear of seeing or being exposed to objects that contain holes. For example, bee holes, wasp nests, sponge holes, plants and trees, holes in pies, and human pores in enlarged images, and this fear may be exemplified by him in one of the images that contain holes such as milk bubbles. And the sufferer of this type of phobia suffers from fear and aversion to groups of stereotypes of holes, and when confronted with these groups, he suffers from disgust and intense fear. Some researchers attribute one of the different types of phobia to reasons related to the person's protection of himself, as happens in the case of acrophobia or arachnophobia. Hole phobia is a fear because it is a condition experienced by the person as a reality and not an idea that can be changed.
And for her, the officials and specialists of psychiatry in the world did not classify it as a disease, fear or phobia in any way. And because getting rid of it is very easy to get rid of the habit of biting nails or sucking fingers, and also because it does not need long-term treatment and psychological medications such as treating phobias, and a person who is very clean and disgusted from any strange form usually feels this feeling when seeing small holes and once changing The idea and feeling that these holes are small and that they are made of putty or wax and it is possible to change them from holes to a smooth surface, and thinking that these disgusting beehives we can reform them into soft candles that have fragrant scents.
Here the idea of ​​disgust ends, and the person returns very natural, and after thinking positively about this, he will find himself looking at these holes in a completely different way, so he will no longer feel disgusted and anxious if he sees them again. Symptoms of hole phobia are nausea, tremors, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, sweating, and a feeling of itchy skin. Some studies have shown that the use of some antidepressants, such as sertraline, as well as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), have the effect of reducing negative thoughts that may be the cause of this condition. There are other studies that indicate that exposure therapy can be used to treat other phobias.
This is done by gradually placing the patient in front of his fears, starting to face the less frightening things, and then increasing the degree of fear as the treatment progresses. The patient is asked to try to reduce his usual reaction to these fears.